The ideal Tarpan has a well-balanced body with low withers, sloping shoulder, well-sprung ribs and strong legs and hind quarters. Their hooves are strong enough that shoeing should not be necessary. Tarpans have a kind eye, a wide forehead, and a thick neck. Trimming of the mane is desireable, in keeping with the short, erect mane of the ancient Tarpan.
Tarpans have a high-stepping gait that makes them a comfortable ride, although their low withers makes it necessary to fit a saddle carefully. They are also very attractive driving horses, stepping out smartly.
In temperament, the Tarpan is inquisitive but gentle, intelligent and willing. They are not prone to over-reaction. The Tarpan has a big heart, and will put in a full day's work, whether it is hauling loads, driving, or being ridden.
Tarpans can be gentle enough for small children, or strong enough for adult riders. They are capable of going long distances without breaking a sweat. Tarpans have competed in log pulls against draft horses, and gained the respect of many with their abilities.